Anglais (Café N° 79)
Dossier spécial : MLK and Black History Month
Édition du 15-01-2007
- Christine Reymond -
- A la Une : Communiquer avec les "digital natives"- Magazine en ligne, Flash cards et bingos
Lisez cet article à propos de nos élèves, les "digital natives":
Living with Digital Natives and their technologies
Vous y trouvrez toutes les infos sur les dernières innovations : les consoles, les PDA et autres iPod, les sites en vogue ( you Tube, flickr, my space, etc.).
Et voici des sites pour dialoguer avec vos élèves en comparant les nouvelles consoles de jeu. Vous y trouverez aussi des vidéos sans dialogue, qui vous permettront de faire parler même des débutants.
Note : la nouvelle console wii de Nintendo semble le meilleur choix, "because it makes the players stand, interact and exercise!"
You can choose a text like "Gamers spoiled for choice this Christmas" and invite them to debate.
Or you can choose this very comprehensive article comparing the features of the three consoles (a bit technical)
And this article compare the consoles by listing the games that work on all of them or just one or the other (and how difficult it is to find them)
Read also this article from a Romanian news site which says that "While Xbox 360 and PlayStation 3 were competing in categories such as “who can stuff more memory and processors per square centimeter”, Nintendo bet on the human factor and instead of concentrating on graphics and processor power, it reinvented the magic wand, creating a wireless controller which allows gamers to make any kind of movements they desire while playing. "
And here are the best games, classified in three categories : action, adventure/role-playing, sports/racing
You can add this article describing the games:
You will discover through your students (they are the experts!) what the new wii is. But you can also surprise them with the wii TV spots. They contain almost no words, but revealing sounds and gestures, so you can use them at any level and let the students guess and use whatever English they have. The first is called "what can wii do?" and ends with the catch phrase: "Wii can do anything" : you see people playing virtual sports, just through a hand holding the controler. If you want to see more precisely what they do, watch the second video, it also excellently illustrates a sentence from the article : "some enthusiastic users have smashed their TV screens by accidentally throwing the Wii-mote at them during energetic gaming sessions. "
Wii by Nintendo was released on December 8th in France. If you want to discover what is in the box when you buy your wii go to this page, and you can click on each item and get a description of what it does and how to use it. Some of the key words are : controler, remote, wireless, sensors, connect, multiplayer
And you can read this article about how dangerous ;) this new console can be : "Nintendo's new system forces players to move their bodies, causing aches for some couch potatoes; a case of 'Wii elbow'"
PS3 by Sony has met problems and won't be commercialized before March. The site is more technical and less visual. but you can find an interesting description of the wireless controller, with a picture:
You can watch the Tv spots "find me":
But upper intermediate and advanced students interested in technology will find this other spot "Play B3YOND smarter" really interesting. It starts right off with the chip and compares it to a tempest (the other consoles are mere showers!). Some of the key words are: microchip, sole, processors, process, control, respond, real time, brain, cell broadband engine; and you will hear: "the faster you think, the more things you can think about, and that makes you smarter" (super pour le programme grammatical de 1ère et l'accroissement progressif)
Xbox 360 by Microsoft is the third one in the serie. It was released last year. For the anniversary of its release they have launched a service of renting HD videos online. But it doesn't work all that well:
You can see what is in the box when you buy it (to compare?) and the accessories:
watch the video of the accessories and what you can do with them
Voyez aussi cette super video sur le "sans fil", mais il faut l'utiliser sans le son car elle est en français sous-titré en anglais!
Or read the descriptions of the different controllers (with photos)
Voici trois sites pour des activités langagières en anglais en primaire. Tout d'abord des suggestions et des documetns gratuits dans un magazine italien, puis un site de flash cards du British Council, puis des exemples de bingo et autres activités courtes. - New Year's Resolutions
Lang Primary (free magazine)
Vanessa Bertrand a découvert ce magazine en ligne pour l'enseignement de l'anglais langue seconde en primaire. C'est un site italien, mais le magazine est entièrement en anglais. Vous trouverez sur le site les version intégrales des anciens numéros du magazine, avec des conseils, des shémas de cours, et des fiches de travail toutes prêtes. Cliquez sur "volume completo" pour télécharger chaque magazine en .pdf, et ensuite tout le reste est en anglais.
On e-teach, Florinda Fernandes recommends this site where you can find flash cards on many topics, such as clothes, jobs, animals, places, etc.
On LearnEnglishKids by the British Council, you can find lots of other printable sheets and activities
This page is for Christmas, but just follow the links and find resources on other topics like pirates, school, shopping, rainforest and super heroes...
and there is also a page of tips on how to use these resources
Bingo Cards and short activities
Riverdeep's Classroom Flyer, from December 13th recommends this site where teachers can "find a generous supply and variety of Bingo cards to use as holiday treats, learning reinforcements, or simply as sponge activities for those few extra minutes at the end of the day or before breaks."
Laurence Bernard, notre collègue de Martinique, a créé une séquence sur New year's resolutions pour les élèves de troisième, mais vous pouvez l'adapter à d'autres niveaux. C'est un travail très complet, qui propose une démarche pour faie une production écrite, mais propose aussi des ressources intéressantes comme les résolutions de Bridget Jones, des cartoons et un court film. Allez voir: - Cartoons, games and films
Si vous préférez travailler avec d'autres sources, voici des suggestions:
The best sites
as usual, our colleague Michèle Henry has selected the sites she find the most useful especially with beginners and intermediate students. Discover them, and especilly the chart of the resolutions.
Laurence Bernard recommends this lesson plan to encourage students to write and essay with the future and link words:
Here is another lesson plan of the same type, create by a primary school teacher in the US
She also recommends this video : "Don't be a Gary" - resolve": great fun! easy to understand (from YouTube)
Tips about what resolutions to take
Laurence Bernard also recommends those videos. There is no script, the picture is very bad and just shows the people who talk, the sound is not very good either but the tips are really interesting. Maybe we could use this document to try and understand a message globally.
And here is are other texts with tips and advices
List of resolutions
A very easy list of resolutions, and the children vote for the one which is most important to them. You can use them even with beginners. After the vote, the students can access a funny flash interactive site which shows them a list of fun resolutions.
Setting your goals
About.com offers a more complete (and complex) approach, with a useful reflection for educators on how to maintain motivation and how to help the students set realistic goals and meet them.
Don't miss the worksheets in the related resources, with especially this one about writing specific goals which helps students setting sub goals or intermediate steps to go from general to specific goals
Another lesson plan
A lesson plan with the history of the resolutions, and how to keep them. Created for 9th grader, that is the last year of primary school in the US, this lesson plan can be used with intermediate ESL students.
Nous avons sans cesse besoin de sites interactifs pour faire travailler les élèves en autonomie, de dessins déclencheurs de parole et de films pour travailler la compréhension audio de façon agréable. Voici trois sites : -
MLK and Black History Month
- le premier avec des images sur les thèmes de global warming (croisé avec le changement de majorité aux US et les bonnes résolutions de début d'année),
- le deuxième est un jeu pour découvrir comme il est difficile de survivre à Haïti, ce pays si pauvre,
- et le dernier, pour des élèves de bon niveu, présente des films sur les "Canadian Aboriginals", un thème rarement abordé, qui ira avec les thèmes culturels de "vivre ensemble" mais aussi "les conflits".
On e-teach, our colleague Valérie Gély recommends the cartoons about global warming, on Cagle, the well-known site of cartoons:
and especially this "happy feet" cartoon with a link to the elections in the US
see also this cartoon linked to new year's resolutions
Ayiti, an interactive game about living in Haiti
Riverdeep's Classroom Flyer, Friday, January 12th recommends this site from the UNICEF : Voice of Youth.
There, "students will learn about the real life problems of youth around the world, as well as global opportunities to get involved and make a difference. Interactive games support the effort, including Ayiti, exploring what it is really like to live in poverty. Child rights, water and environmental sanitation, education, and childhood disease are just some of the topics to explore."
I selected two interactive games:
- "What would you do?", which invites students to discover how difficult it is to live with aids and VIH in Africa.
- "Ayiti" A challenging role playing game created by Global Kids and Gamelab, in which you take responsibility for a family of five in rural Haiti. Through this game, students will discover what it is like to live in poverty, struggling every day to stay healthy, keep out of debt, and get educated
[ for intermediate students.]
Aboriginal Perspectives, a site for high school and upper elementary students and teachers that features National Film Board of Canada documentaries by and about Canada’s Aboriginal peoples. There, the term “Aboriginal peoples” covers the First Nations (Indian), Métis people and Inuit.
this site is interesting to learn about native people in Canada, a perspective that we rarely have. Upper intermediate students will enjoy the videos, especially those for hearing impaired people who have full subtitles. Here is the presentation from the site:
"On this site you will be able to:
- Watch key NFB documentaries on Aboriginal themes from the 1940s to 2004.
- Learn about past and current issues relating to the lives of Aboriginal peoples through excerpts or complete films.
- Read critical commentary on the issues.
- Develop critical thinking and media literacy skills.
- Use the Excerpt Library tool to develop a personal collection of film excerpts.
The Aboriginal Visions module contains 33 documentaries, a short fiction film, and 5 film clips. The user will find films on many important aspects of Aboriginal culture and heritage, its diverse communities, and some of the major issues and significant moments in its history. 27 films are available with closed captioning for hearing impaired people." (from the site)
Martin Luther King's Day était le 15 janvier, et Février est Black History Month. Mais vous pouvez aussi choisir de présenter "Woolworth’s lunch counter sit-in in Greensboro" le 1er février, ou la déségragation de Central High School in Little Rock, Arkansas, ou encore les histoires de Rosa parks ou de Emmett Till. Voici des adresses pour présenter tous ces évènements.
February 1st : the story of the Greensboro four
Here are links to go on to Black history month (February) with this less known story. The Woolworth’s lunch counter sit-in in Greensboro started on February 1st 1960 with four students and a modest idea spurred on by the brutal killing of 14-year-old Emmett Till. To learn more about Emmett Till, see those links in le Café Pédagogique about him and Rosa Parks, who died last year:
Then read more on PBS, with a timeline of the events:
Greensboro sit-ins : an interesting site about the events
a timeline of the Civil Rights (placing the full desegregation of schools in 1971!)
a lot of audio testimonies and interview of the actors (no scripts), a photo gallery and a video of the inauguration of the statue built in memory of the events
About school desegragation, you can train your students to read long stories with this site about Melba Pattillo and the desegregation of Central High School in Little Rock, Arkansas.
January 15th : MLK Day
Martin Luther King Day is each year on the 3rd Monday in January. This year, MLK Day was on Monday, January 15th 2007. Each year, Infonews and le Café select for you sites that you can use in class : this is an update of last year's Infonews n°264, plus some new sites I found this year.
If you use a search engine (like google) to find sites about MLK, or worse, if you encourage your students to do so, be warned that there is a supremacist site craftily hidden under the aspect of a normal MLK site.
--> the site martin luther king dot org ( I don't give the link on purpose) is a white supremacist site. At first glance, it looks normal, but when you read it, you soon get shocked (but only if you understand English) and when you look at the signature at the end of the page, you find a group promoting racism and Nazi ideas.
History of the Day
http://stockholm.usembassy.gov/Holidays/celebrate/mlk.h[...](with the text of "I have a dream")
http://www.infoplease.com/spot/mlkhistory1.html( with a timeline)
http://martin-luther-king-day.123holiday.net/(with a short timeline and some quotes)
http://www.civilrights.org/campaigns/mlk/index.html( an excellent and easy timeline and the making of the holiday)
- MLK Day is the only national holiday commemorating an African American.
- MLK Day is not only a holiday, but a day of services.
Day of service
The moto is : "Make the holiday “A day ON, not a day OFF!”. To learn more about this, hear a speech by Martin Luther King about service, and read this website, suggesting ways to serve or enroll
the page : http://www.thekingcenter.org/holiday/speak.html
the MLK audio file : http://000003s.preview.web-hosters.com/media/rca.ram
a longer page : http://www.thekingcenter.org/holiday/index.asp
a video : http://easylink.playstream.com/cncs/mlkday/mlkday_high.[...](they want to "move their words to deeds")
the site of the "day of services" : http://www.mlkday.gov/about/overview/index.asp
"why serve?" : http://www.mlkday.gov/about/why/index.asp
the list of programs and services : http://www.thekingcenter.org/prog/index.asp
For young children (to cut out, assemble and color)
Short and simple biographies : kindergarten kids have drawn these pictures, and they are a bit simplistic, but the text accompanying them is short and easy and can enable weak students to remember the key moments of MLK's life and his movement. The sentences are in the present : a simple exercise could be to turn all theses sentences in the past to build a biography.
http://www2.lhric.org/pocantico/taverna/98/1.htm(autre du même type)
for older students or those who prefer a short timeline without pictures:
a full biography
Quizzes with links to find the answers and learn
- A quiz that you do first, without clues, and then you get interesting information in the answers, in short sentences.
- "the fight for rights" from Time for Kids : a quiz about black American's fight for their rights, with nice photos and a timeline to find the answers (open both windows)
quiz : http://www.timeforkids.com/TFK/games/white/0,9970,10691[...]
timeline : http://www.timeforkids.com/TFK/specials/bhm/0,8805,9750[...]
- this quiz worked well with upper intermediate students : you can print the questions and then they visit the links (they all work this year, and some of the questions have changed.) and look for the answers (the answers are not provided on the site, but for the past five years, my students have always found the answers (en classe de première S)
- an online quiz to learn. I did it with lower intermediates as a whole class (who had already worked on the simple timeline to know the basic facts), and they love learning about MLK through a game. This "game" is a flash quiz where speed is essential. But don't worry, you can do the quiz several times over, and this even helps to memorize the answers!
- for beginners, here is a questionnaire about MLK's time line that you can print. You can even use it without a computer : you then hand out the questionnaire and the timeline.
Ready to use worksheets
Activity for the youngest : create a clothesline timeline of MLK
A quiz and words to find in a grid
(two level, with a different number of words to find)
*** Lots of activities : quizzes, word search, printouts, printable activity booklets:
http://lve.scola.ac-paris.fr/anglais/mlkth.php(an easy treasure hunt based on MLK's biography )
http://lve.scola.ac-paris.fr/anglais/MLK/mlkbio.htm(even easier, an interactive online fill in the blanks worksheet for younger children)
"I have a dream"
*** to hear the full speech and read the script as it goes:
to read the text:
to hear short extracts:
http://www.npr.org/news/specials/march40th/speeches.htm[...](with other speeches and a short video)
for a full video of the speech which gives a good idea of the atmosphere (thanks to Laurence Bernard on eTeachNet)
Pages of links and resources
- an excellent and very comprehensive teaching unit by Jérome Quintena. A ready to use teaching unit with nicely designed worksheets:
or go to http://teachers.domainepublic.net/then choose "documents"; "civilisation"; "Term STT- black American Project"
- a ready to use online page, 4 biographies, three quizzes and seven questions
- other pages prepared by colleagues
- and some more ages of links
Special reports from TV and magazines
"King Holiday Considered 'Mixed Blessing' By Some Historians"(advanced).
- Seattle Times
a special report with ideas for the class and links.
listen to "three perspectives" the interviews of MLK, malcolm X and James Baldwin (no transcript but a teacher's guide).
A short biogaphy, a page about the March on Washington (August 28th 1963), and another about I have a dream, with the audio file and interviews of people who took part.
- The Encyclopedia Britannica
A guide to African American history. An interesting study guide for advanced students, with videos and audio documents
- Stanford University
Lots of documented resources for advanced students
Articles from Time about MLK (For Time Magazine subscribers only)
if you have a subscription to Time Magazine, you can access the full archives. have a look at the special Time Magazine from January 3rd 1964 "Martin Luther King Junior, man of the year" where MLK was named "man of the year" and where you find the article :
'Every Negro Who Discharges His Duty Faithfully Is Making a Real Contribution'
full magazine : http://www.time.com/time/magazine/0,9263,7601640103,00.[...]
See also this article "Attack on the Conscience" from Time magazine dated Feb. 18, 1957 : it is horribly full of the word "negro" and you can read : " The man whose word they seek is not a judge, or a lawyer, or a political strategist or a flaming orator. He is a scholarly, 28-year-old Negro Baptist minister, the Rev. Martin Luther King Jr., who in little more than a year has risen from nowhere to become one of the nation's remarkable leaders of men." Interesting to have a glimpse at the context of the moment.
For advanced students too, read this article from Time Magazine dated January 9th 2006, with excerpts from a book describing the last year of his life and how things were changing.
Archives de la rubrique Anglais :
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